The Ministry of Finance and National Economy published the Q1 2020 Bahrain Economic Quarterly report for the Kingdom of Bahrain on the Ministry’s website (www.mofne.gov.bh). The report covers the Kingdom’s economic data across various sectors, as well as an assessment of global and regional economic developments.
The global impact of COVID-19 affected Bahrain’s overall economic performance in Q1, causing a decline in real GDP growth (at constant prices) at a rate of 1.1% YoY, while the rate of decline reached 4.9% at current prices.
The oil sector recorded growth at an annual rate of 1.8% at constant prices, driven by an increase in oil and gas production by 0.5% and 12.5%, respectively, although growth declined in current prices by 11.5%. On the other hand, the non-oil sector GDP registered a decrease of 1.7% at constant prices and 4% at current prices.
Indicators within the report reflected continued growth in a number of non-oil sectors despite the challenges; the manufacturing sector achieved real growth of 4.8%, supported by the increase in the production volumes by Aluminum Bahrain Company “Alba” by 42.5%, the social and personal services sector grew by 1.3%, while the construction sector witnessed growth of 0.3%.
Due to global restrictions on travel and other preventative measures to counter the spread of COVID-19, the hotels and restaurants sector real GDP declined by 36%, while the transportation and communications sector declined by 6.3%, the decline is evidenced in the decrease in the number of visitors through the King Fahad Causeway and through the Bahrain International Airport by 24.2% and 25.1%, respectively. Other sectors also witnessed declines in their real GDP including government services by 2.9%, financial corporations by 1.6%, real estate and business activities by 0.4%, and trade by 0.1%.
As for the contribution of the non-oil sectors to GDP, the financial corporations sector continues the contributed the most at 16.7%, followed by the manufacturing sector at 14.9%, and the government services sector at 12.5%, while the oil sector’s contribution amounted to 17.2%.
Furthermore, despite the global economic downturn, development projects in the Kingdom continued to progress. The Bahrain International Airport expansion project, supervised by the Ministry of Transportation and Telecommunications in cooperation with the Bahrain Airport Company, remains on schedule to be completed this year, making it one of the largest infrastructure development projects in the history of the Kingdom of Bahrain at a total cost of USD 1.1 billion.